eISSN: 1800-427X (online)

Submitted date: 5 December 2022
Accepted date: 10 November 2023
Published date: 18 November 2023
Pp. 111–114.

An account of family Orchidaceae in a part of Northern Western Ghats India

M.M. Bhagwat, D.M. Mahajan* & M. Kulkarni
*Corresponding author. E-mail:

The Western Ghats of India is known across the world as a biodiversity hotspot due to its rich plant and animal diversity. Orchids are most abundant in this humid tropical and subtropical region. India has 1331 orchid species distributed over 186 genera, of which 400 are endemic. Many orchid species have been reported from Mulshi (alt. 600–1,131 m a.s.l.) which falls in the Northern Western Ghats of Maharashtra. Recently, Jalal & Jayanthi (2018, 2019) recorded 32 genera and 107 species of orchids from the northern Western Ghats. The vegetation is diverse from moist to dry deciduous forests with some semi evergreen elements and open grasslands.

Section Editor: Pankaj Kumar
eISSN: 1800-427X (online)

Submitted date: 7 July 2022
Accepted date: 31 October 2023
Published date: 18 November 2023
Pp. 106–110, Pls. 31–32.

Rediscovery and amended description of Strobilanthes humilis (Acanthaceae)

S. Thomas, P.A. Krishnapillai, S.J. Britto & Bince Mani*
*Corresponding author. E-mail:

Strobilanthes Blume consists of approximately 350 species, chiefly distributed in the tropical and sub-tropical parts of Asia but extending to the Pacific islands. Approximately 150 species of Strobilanthes are reported from India and, among them, around 70 species are restricted to South India. In the course of a floristic survey in the Megamalai Hills of Tamilnadu in 2016–2017, we collected a remarkable specimen of Strobilanthes, which was characterized by having viscous uninterrupted spikes with a subventricose corolla. Since it has spicate inflorescences, 5-partite calyces, two fertile stamens, and densely hygroscopic-pubescent seeds, the material belongs to the S. kunthiana group. After a critical examination of relevant literature and herbarium materials it was found that the specimen matches the type of S. humilis, hence our collections are the first verified collection after its type collections in 1836.

Section Editor: Wendy A. Mustaqim
eISSN: 1800-427X (online)

Submitted date: 7 July 2022
Accepted date: 31 October 2023
Published date: 18 November 2023
Pp. 104–105, Pls. 29–30.

A new Ascomycetes fungus (Meliolaceae: Prataprajella) from Kerala, India

L.K. Mathew*
*Corresponding author. E-mail:

Meliolaceae fungul species are biotrophic on the leaves and stems of plants and most species do not cause severe damage to the host plant. The genus Prataprajella Hosag. currently contains three species: P. turpiniicola (Hosag.) Hosag. 1992; P. subacuminata (W. Yamam.) B. Song & Y.X. Hu 1999; and P. rubi Hosag., C.K. Biju & T.K. Abraham 2005. I found an unknown fungal species infecting the leaves of Memecylon edule (Melastomataceae). Microscopic examination of the black mildew on the leaves revealed that it is a hitherto undescribed species. Hence, based on the host specificity and other morphological features, here I describe and illustrate a fourth species collected from Malabar Wildlife Sanctuary of Kozhikode District, Kerala, India.

Section Editor: Samantha C. Karunarathna
eISSN: 1800-427X (online)

Submitted date: 9 January 2023
Accepted date: 7 November 2023
Published date: 18 November 2023
Pp. 101–103.

Are Indian foxes vulnerable in degraded habitat in North Gujarat?

P. Desai, V. Rabari* & N. Dharaiya
*Corresponding author. E-mail:

The Indian fox, Vulpes bengalensis (Shaw, 1800), one of the smallest canids, is restricted to the Indian subcontinent except the Western Ghats. They prefer dry vegetation cover including scrub, grassland and agricultural habitat where they can easily feed on rodents, crabs and insects. The Indian fox is listed in Schedule I under the Wildlife Amendment Act 2022 and classified as a Least Concern (LC) species by IUCN, which affords it less attention and a lower degree of protection compared to threatened species.

Section Editor: Lee Harding
eISSN: 1800-427X (online)

Submitted date: 29 December 2022
Accepted date: 29 October 2023
Published date: 18 November 2023
Pp. 98–100, pls. 27–28.

On the keeled box turtle (Cuora mouhotii) from reforested land in Vietnam

T.H. Thu Nguyen*, T. Thanh Nguyen, V.Q. Tran Le, S. Vo Thanh, K. To Dang & Yingshan Lau
*Corresponding author. E-mail:

The keeled box turtle (Cuora mouhotii Gray, 1862) is endangered and native to Bangladesh, Bhutan, China, India, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand and Vietnam. First described in 1862 by Gray, its numbers have declined by 50-80% in the past 75 years, particularly in China due to harvesting. Other research has also shown that C. mouhotii is very rare in Myanmar and at risk in Laos. In Vietnam, C. mouhotii has been found in the mountainous areas from North Central to Central Vietnam such as Cuc Phuong National Park, Nghe An, Ha Tinh and Quang Binh provinces, as well as in the Truong Son mountains as far as Quang Nam province in Central Vietnam. However, the population of C. mouhotii in Vietnam has also decreased significantly because of overexploitation and habitat destruction.

Section Editor: Ivan Ineich
Hubungi Kami
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