Submitted date: 19 February 2023 Accepted date: 29 October 2023 Published date: 18 November 2023 Pp. 96–97, pl. 26.
Sightings of the witch (Lepidoptera: Araotes lapithis) in Northeast Bangladesh
T. Akhter*, A. Ullah, M.S. Siam, H. Naher, S. Biswas & K. Mree *Corresponding author. E-mail: email@example.com
Biogeographically situated between the Indo-Malayan and Indo-Chinese subregions, Bangladesh is home to over 400 species of butterflies. Lacking sufficient surveys of butterflies, the distribution and occurrence of many species in the country are still not well known. Hence, reports on the sightings of any poorly known butterfly species may help to develop a baseline for designing precise research and open windows for conservation efforts. The global distribution of the witch (Araotes lapithis Moore, 1858) butterfly ranges throughout south and southeast Asia, including India, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Thailand, Malaysia, Cambodia, Myanmar, Philippines and Indonesia. There are few records of the species from different states of northeast India including Assam, Tripura, Nagaland, and West Bengal.
The Indian millipede fauna is diverse with many families and genera but remains seriously underexplored. Among the families of the order polyzoniida, Siphonotidae is the only family to have reports from the southern hemisphere. The tropical tramp species of this family, Rhinotus purpureus (Pocock, 1894) shows a cosmopolitan distribution. It has been repeatedly described as a new species leading to more than a dozen synonyms. It is designated as a common tramp species as it is frequently found in green houses and other synanthropic habitats from many different parts of the world including Kew Gardens in England, green houses in Germany, Central America and Southern USA, Comoro Islands, Madagascar and Indian Ocean Islands. The present study provides the first record of R. purpureus, from the Indian subcontinent.
Abstract Funambulus Lesson, 1835 incorporates palm squirrels representing model South Asian small mammals. They were widely collected between 1880 and 1980 furnishing international collections, especially in London. There’s a dearth of regional small mammal studies since the 1960s and lack of geographical data could contribute to this. Listed here are 172 locations anchored to ~478 specimens incorporating sites where the genus was collected in mainland South Asia with special attention to obscure localities in South India and Sri Lanka. Emphasis is placed on sites from the Bombay Natural History Society Mammal Survey of India, Burma and Ceylon from 1912 to 1929. This list, with sources, contributes to, and addresses historical and taxonomic mammalogical studies for the entire subregion.
Key words : BNHS, sciurid, map, museum collections, palmarum, rodent, Wroughton, zoogeography
CORRESPONDENCE: The Discovery of the Site of the Legendary House of Alfred Russel Wallace in Ternate
Nicholas Hughes* & Rinto Taib *Corresponding author. E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Alfred Russel Wallace’s house in Ternate has become legendary as the site where he penned his Ternate Essay outlining his theory of evolution by natural selection and posted it to Charles Darwin in March 1858. Marzuki & Andili (2015) conclude, “Wallace's house in Ternate is the most important science history site in Indonesia”, because this is where he was living when he penned his Ternate Essay. Earlier searches for Wallace’s house concluded that the site was at the Santiong house, based on the presence of an old, deep well and oral history. These findings would have been convincing had there not been any more old, deep wells in the Santiong district where Wallace had lived. This study hypothesized that other old, deep wells might exist within the district. A census was undertaken to identify all such wells - seven were located. The site of one, newly identified, well matched Wallace’s clues most convincingly. This we named the Oranje site. The evidence strongly suggests that Wallace lived on the southern corner of Jalan Merdeka and Jalan Pipit overlooking the southwest bastion of Fort at the Oranje site—not at the Santiong house site.
Submitted date: 8 August 2023 Accepted date: 28 October 2023 Published date: 18 November 2023 Pp. 48–58, pls. 22–24.
A NEW DWARF GECKO SPECIES (SQUAMATA: GEKKONIDAE: Cnemaspis) FROM THE NORTHERN WESTERN GHATS OF INDIA
Amit Sayyed* *Corresponding author. E-mail: email@example.com
Abstract Based on molecular and morphological data, I describe a new species of the polyphyletic gekkonid genus Cnemaspis Strauch, 1887 from the northern Western Ghats in India. The new species is the second smallest known Indian dwarf gekkonid and belongs to the clade of C. girii[i] sensu Pal [i]et al. (2021). It is genetically distinct from all congeners of the C. girii clade by p-distance ranging from 3.8 to 8.4 % on the 16S rRNA gene. Morphologically, the new species can be distinguished from all congeners by having the following combination of characters: A small species with adult males reaching a maximum SVL 27.0 mm; heterogeneous dorsal pholidosis with 11–12 longitudinal rows of enlarged tubercles; males with 3–4 femoral pores on each thigh, separated medially by 19–24 poreless scales; 63–65 middorsal scales; 136–150 ventral scales; 33–35 midbody scales; 12–14 subdigital lamellae under fourth digit of pes; feebly carinate scales on the neck and chest; and absence of conical or spine-like tubercles on flank.