Abstract The present study determined the distribution of freshwater gastropods in relation to several environmental variables, in two tributaries of the Mahaweli River, Hulu Ganga and Ma Oya in the Central Province of Sri Lanka. Pearson’s Correlation and a multivariate statistical technique, Canonical Correspondence Analyses (CCA) were used to explore the environmental variables responsible for the species composition. In total eight species of gastropods were recorded. The most influential factors for the four species recorded in Hulu Ganga were dissolved oxygen (DO), total dissolved solids, conductivity and elevation, whereas in Ma Oya they were pH, conductivity, DO and temperature. The results of CCA show that measured environmental variables explained 95.76% of the variation in gastropod abundance in Hulu Ganga, but only 60.63% was explained in Ma Oya. Hence, there may be other unmeasured environmental factor(s) that influence the diversity and distribution of gastropods in Ma Oya.
Abstract We here describe a new rupicolous day gecko species nested within the C. gracilis clade from Madurai, Tamil Nadu, India. The new species differs with a combination of morphological characters and molecular phylogenetics, from other closely related congeners. The sequence divergence of the new species in comparison with the congeners from the gracilis clade is 6.1–15.2% for the ND2 gene. The new species can also be differentiated from the congeners based on the following combination of morphological characters: conical and spine-like tubercles absent on flanks; adult SVL less than 35.0 mm; two precloacal pores; precloacal pores separated medially by two poreless scales; four femoral pores; number of mid-ventral scales 110–120; and a small black colour spot on the occiput.
Abstract Draposa is a relatively newly described wolf spider genus numbering 11 species, out of which eight have been reported from India. A new Draposa species from Kerala, Western Ghats, India, is described, photographed and illustrated. The male palp of the new species is similar to that of D. lyrivulva distributed in Pakistan, India and Sri Lanka, but it differs by having the following combination of characters: shorter tegular apophysis with a narrow and linear tip, prominent sub-apical protrusion, and embolus parallel to tegular apophysis.
Key words : Arachnida, distribution, Kerala, Pardosa, South Asia, taxonomy
Proceedings of the Second International Conference on Alfred Russel Wallace and the Wallacea Organised by the Indonesian Academy of Sciences Wakatobi - Indonesia (10–13 November 2013) J. Supriatna, A.A.T. Amarasinghe, and C. Margules (Editors) Published date: 30 July 2015 Pp. 202–212.
DEVELOPMENT IN EASTERN INDONESIA: ARE THERE ALTERNATIVE APPROACHES?
Chris Margules*, Jeffrey Sayer, Agni K. Boedhihartono, David Makes, Sahotra Sarkar & Jatna Supriatna *Corresponding author. E-mail: email@example.com
Abstract Development in Wallacea, and eastern Indonesia generally, is gaining momentum. Here we query the applicability of what has become the standard or western Indonesia, model of development, for that part of Indonesia east of Wallace’s line. The numerous small islands with their finer grain of biological and cultural diversity suggest that alternative models focused locally with strong local community engagement might promote a different kind of economic development that maintains the natural resource base, including biodiversity, while providing opportunities for profitable enterprises to flourish. We describe some current examples that might be applicable more widely. The main problem with wider implementation is scaling up. Multiple conflicting goals have to be accommodated and because these are often not compatible with one another, the problem can only be solved at the landscape or seascape scale. We describe some modern methods for data management and computational analyses that can be used as decision support tools to help achieve this.
Key words : Wallacea, local development, landscape scale, multi-criteria analysis
Proceedings of the Second International Conference on Alfred Russel Wallace and the Wallacea Organised by the Indonesian Academy of Sciences Wakatobi - Indonesia (10–13 November 2013) J. Supriatna, A.A.T. Amarasinghe, and C. Margules (Editors) Published date: 30 July 2015 Pp. 193–201.
DEFINING PRIORITIES IN THE MIDST OF UNCERTAINTY: THE CEPF ECOSYSTEM PROFILE PROCESS FOR WALLACEA
Pete Wood*, Hanom Bashari, Agus Hermansyah, Jihad S. Udin, Hilda Lionata, Shinta Pardede, Ria Saryanthi & Bambang Tetuka *Corresponding author. E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Abstract Conservation priorities in Wallacea were identified to inform planning of a Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund (CEPF) grants facility. Priorities were defined using locality data for 560 globally threatened species which occur in Wallacea, as defined by IUCN. 251 terrestrial and freshwater Key Biodiversity Areas (KBAs) were identified. Locality records also allowed the identification of 74 marine KBAs, and information on range and habitat was used to identify a further 66 candidate marine KBAs. Approximately one-third of terrestrial KBAs have protected area status. To help focus conservation efforts, twenty-four terrestrial KBAs with single-site endemics and critically endangered species were identified. The study highlights the lack of data on many species, and the lack of a centralized repository for biodiversity information on Wallacea. Urgent research needs include survey work to confirm the presence of species in more sites, taxonomic work to clarify the status of some species and sub-species, and expert-lead threat assessments to update the Red List.
Key words : Biodiversity, conservation, KBA, Red Data Book, Threatened species